Health Care Expert | Solutions against severe acne - Health Care Expert

For milder forms of acne, the products intended to be applied onto the skin are preferred. These topical treatments usually contain retinoids (derivatives of vitamin A) or benzoyl peroxide (which has an antibacterial effect).
It is important to remember that these products must be applied regularly for several weeks in order to be effective. Furthermore, we must treat the entire area where acne is present and not just one spot at the time.
In the presence of a more severe acne, it is often best to consult a doctor. This severe acne results in the presence of many nodules in the deep layers of the skin, and most often they require the prescription of a type of oral retinoid: isotretinoin. It is a powerful treatment reserved for cases of acne that have resisted to other treatments previously. The maintenance treatment of acne is to prevent recurrences. It consists essentially of the application of retinoids (adapalene) on the skin, they can possibly be associated with zinc gluconate taken orally.
Microsurgical removal of acne is also a possibility in some cases, it is performed by a dermatologist that removes blackheads (comedones) and whiteheads (microcysts) that are present in almost all acne. The microsurgical act requires specific skills and must be practiced by a trained professional. It consists of widening the closed comedones with a sharp tip in order to extract the contents without damaging the skin.
For acne scars, the techniques used are:
– YAG laser: the laser “burns” the superficial layers of the skin and its overlying scars. This treatment provides a real and permanent reduction of acne spots, avoid further multiplication of microbes, treat the scars, and provide long term results.
– Chemical peeling: this treatment involves applying an acidic substance onto the skin. It results in scrapping the superficial layers of the skin and causes an inflammatory reaction by which the shallow scars can be filled.
– Dermabrasion: This procedure erodes the epidermis and the superficial dermis by means of a disc or an abrasive cylinder. This is usually done under local anesthesia.
– Other techniques can also sometimes be used: collagen injections, photodynamic therapy (pulsed light rays), blue light, cryotherapy, exfoliation, etc…


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